It is a stark fact that our requirements for the production of energy are increasing relentlessly. Wastes such as biomass from sorted municipal waste or clinical waste provide the ideal solution for the production of energy either by the production of charcoal, its reduction to ash or the production of electricity for on-site use or export.
Energy from waste and biomass
Power can be derived from heat in many different ways. Heat travels in many forms. Flames are the most visible form of heat production but heat can be found where flames do not exist. Pyrolysis is the use of heat to break down biomass into its constituent gaseous components in the absence of combustion.
Organics Pyrolysis Technology
The pyrolysis technology offered by Organics involves the use of heat in the complete absence of air. Without air combustion is not possible.
The resultant reactions are therefore clean and complete, leading to a maximisation of power production in the form of Volatile Organic
Carbons. These are the re-formed biomass constituent components now present as a gas.
The overall objective of the biomass application is to convert biomass materials, such as waste wood products, woodchips, forestry residues, short
rotation coppice, miscanthus and other energy crops and agricultural wastes such as bagasse, coconut husks, waste from palm oil plantations, and organic
sludges (sewage and animal slurries), into renewable power (as electricity) and heat.
The Clean Pyrolysis system will do this in a highly efficient and environmentally sound manner and, in so doing, will displace a significant fossil fuel requirement.
As well as a method of disposal for municipal solid waste with power generation and power generation from biomass, the Clean Pyrolysis system has several other potentially highly valuable applications. Operating at suitable temperatures, the system can be employed for clinical waste disposal, together with power generation.
Similarly, many industrial wastes, such as scrapped vehicle fragment waste, used tyres, other mixed metaliferous and organic scrap such as electrical
cable and automotive components, are currently sent to landfill sites for disposal when they could be converted and added value into commodities for resale, co-fi ring fuel-products or simply pyrolysed to effect a dramatic weight and volume reduction.
The use of mixed municipal solid waste as a feedstock introduces issues of pyrogas consistency which can best be addressed by use of a steam cycle
for power production. Whilst this will have a lower efficiency, it is, however, a very robust technological approach which is tolerant to contaminated/dirty material feedstocks.
Pyrolysis gases that are given off during materials conversion can be controlled, captured and used for ethanol and methane production or cleaned to provide useful recoverable energy sources for up-stream heating systems and drying processes.
The Clean Pyrolysis System
The technology offered by Organics has many and varied applications in final waste disposal and energy production from organic waste and biomass feed-stocks. The nature of the heat employed in a completely oxygen free atmosphere ensures an efficient and low emission conversion to carbon
char and pyrogas, each with its own potential application. In high-energy recovery situations the carbon char may be further gasifi ed to maximise
energy take off.
Clean Pyrolysis Range
CLEAN PYROLYSIS - K RANGE
Typical use of the K Range involves the disposal of municipal solid waste for small to medium-sized population centres of between five thousand and twenty thousand people, such as may be found in island communities and small villages. This application may also include clincal waste. It is also deployed with clean energy production from biomass waste in small to medium-scale biomass handling facilities, such as saw mills, rice processing facilities (for energy production from rice husk), palm oil mills, coconut mills and similar such locations.
The K Range starts with a dry mass input rate of four metric tonnes per day and reaches to a module-maximum of twelve tonnes per day.
Larger throughputs may be handled with this equipment confi guration by means of multiple modules.
CLEAN PYROLYSIS - T RANGE
Typical use of the T Range involves the disposal of municipal solid waste for medium to large-sized population centres of between forty thousand and four hundred thousand people, such as may be found in many towns and rural community centres. It may also be applied to clean energy production from biomass waste in large biomass handling facilities, such as large saw mills, rice processing facilities (for energy production from rice husk), palm oil mills, coconut mills and similar such locations.
The T Range starts with a dry mass input rate of twenty-four metric tonnes per day and reaches to a module-maximum of two hundred and fi fty tonnes per day. Larger throughputs may be handled with this equipment configuration by means of multiple modules.